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Evidence of Work
The Northern Territory aims to establish itself as an innovative society by effective communication of science within the local population. With more than 980 research publications and projects across 14 different research institutions in NT it has the fundamental resources to achieve this . However, the general public is unaware of it. But with the current advancement of AI tools there is an opportunity to explore their use while compiling and reporting to the community NT’s excellent track record in science and technology.
The current measures fall short because at its nucleus it is a marketing problem which requires compiling advanced research from different institutions while providing engaging content to the layman population. Even with skilled professionals the solution is bound to be time taking and costly. However, the new generation of AI tools can expedite the compilation process and generate content on the go. This would open the doors to young adults, curious mums, and individuals of all ages eager to explore new horizons.
Introducing the ConnectNT platform that combines the power of AI tools into one platform especially focused on NT based research publications with the ability to translate scientific literature into local languages.
Compilation + AI Generated Short Summary
Only 41% of people in NT, aged 15 and over have a qualification above Year 12 . Furthermore, understanding research literature requires dense domain knowledge, proficient reading, language skills and demands time. With such a high barrier of entry, it's no wonder that curious individuals are discouraged from deep diving into the latest advancements in science.
Imagine if all of the latest literature from Northern Territories’ top research institutes was available on one platform with a short AI generated summary in plain english(or other local languages). The reader can shortlist the papers they are interested in without having to read through the entire publication.
Several open source machine learning models are available that can convert scientific research terms within a research paper into plain english. Such tools often employ Convolution Neural Networks to perform these tasks.
One such tool is the Open Accessible Summaries in Language Studies (OASIS) API. It's designed to bridge the gap between academic research and the general public by providing easy-to-understand explanations of scientific studies .
Virtual Assistant for Every Paper/Article
It is common knowledge that research skills need to be developed. With only 19% of 15-74 year old people studying postgraduate degrees where such skills are taught, It becomes difficult to analyse the latest literature without external help . Adding to this, reading literature from different domains like Environment, IT, Business etc. requires domain knowledge.
What if you could ask questions and get responses in your preferred language while reading the paper? This can be made possible with an AI virtual assistant that can answer questions regarding the selected paper on the platform. Once the paper has been selected through search it displays an option for a Virtual Assistant (Figure 7). Once clicked, two windows open side-by-side, one with the paper, and other with the virtual assistant to answer questions in your preferred language (Figure 8).
Advanced Natural Language Processing(NLP) techniques can be used to summarise the publication into a short and simplified summary. LSTM models like ChatGPT expose APIs that can be used by individuals or businesses to achieve this functionality. However, more accurate models also exist.
- Batchelor Institute for Indigenous Tertiary Education
- Center for Creative Futures
- Charles Darwin University
- Energy and Resources Institute
- Menzies School of Health Research
- Molly Wardaguga Research Centre
- Northern Institute
- North Australia Centre for Autonomous Systems
- NT Academic Centre for Cyber Security and Innovation
- Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods
- The Australian Institute of Marine Science
- The Cooperative Research Centre for Developing Northern Australia
- The Drought Resilience Adoption
- Innovation Hub
Figure 3: List of research institutes across Northern Territory
The ConnectNT platform compiles resources from all the research institutes throughout the Northern Territory (Figure 3). What’s more is that the users have the ability to subscribe to alerts based on organisations, domains, keywords, tags and recommendations by researchers(Figure 5).
This system at its core is an AI based recommender system which uses big data to anaylse the most relevant keywords for NT and push the alerts based on those keywords for selected users. Furthermore, the matrix factorization algorithm is a popular choice to implement recommender systems.
Translation into NT Specific Languages
The NT region is unique for its culture and languages. According to the snapshot of the Northern Territory from Australian Bureau of Statistics, only 57.3% of NT dwellers speak English at home as of 2021 . Figure 4 shows a similar trend. After English, a lot of languages like Greek, Nepali, Hindi and other aboriginal languages share similar percentages of speakers. Such a situation requires remedial measures be taken to counteract the problem.
The ConnectNT platform will have the option to translate the text in the languages specific to the NT region. The text on the page including the name of the User Interface components will be translatable as evident in the figma prototype images number 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.
A user preference database will be employed, and a recommender system algorithm will be utilized to suggest the most pertinent research articles or topics to users. At its core, this system functions as a recommender system, employing big data to analyze the most fitting keywords for the Northern Territory (NT). Subsequently, alerts based on these keywords will be delivered to selected users.
A great way to improve community engagement is through social media platforms. In light of this, the ConnectNT platform will have a page that can automatically generate simple posters using generative AI (Figure 9). Users can then select, download and post it on their social media platforms. Doing so will have multifold benefits.
Improved community engagement on social media posts can drive traffic to the website.
NT establishes itself as a community that celebrates research culture.
The posters will have logos for the associated institutes, in turn promoting these institutes as centers of scientific advancements.
Once NT establishes itself as a research driven society - solution to interstate migration - job employment .
User stories can be a great way to understand the different use cases that the ConnectNT platform supports.
- As a young adult I want to browse through the latest articles so that I can get relevant material for my essays/homework.
- As a professional I want to get the latest updates for the health and technology sector so that I can keep up to date with the latest market trends and identify potential business opportunities.
- As a curious mum I want to understand the relevant literature regarding prenatal care so that I provide my family with the best possibilities.
- As a university graduate I want to show on my LinkedIn that I understand the relevant literature in my field so that I can be more employable or be discovered by employers on LinkedIn.
- Currently research papers are not translatable because they are complex without losing context.
- Relevant Licenses and registrations for the research papers from institutes required.
- AI tools can use the data for their own to train the models which might not be permissible by the research institutes.
- Gamification: Build a streaks type system so that the users can be motivated to come to the website.
- Voiceover: There is a way to use generative AI to convert text-to-speech with the voice that the user wants. For example, the voice can be of an aboriginal elder. The model can be trained using the territory ANZACS dataset .
- Social media APIs integration to post content on click of a button.
 Manually going through every institute’s research websites and gathering the data.
 Story of our young children and people 2021, https://cmc.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/1061372/story-of-our-children-and-young-people-2021.pdf
 Open Accessible Summaries in Language Studies (OASIS), https://oasis-database.org/about
 Education and Work, Australia 2022. Australian Bureau of Statistics, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/education/education-and-work-australia/latest-release
 Snapshot of Northern Territory. Australian Bureau of Statistics, https://www.abs.gov.au/articles/snapshot-nt-2021#:~:text=Zealand%20(1.7%25)-,Language,%25
 Regional internal migration estimates, provisional. Australian Bureau of Statistics, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/population/regional-internal-migration-estimates-provisional/latest-release
 Territory ANZACS,
Virtual Assistant Page
Detailed Summary Page
Poster Generation Page