A revolutionary clinical decision support tool leveraging generative AI to provide on-demand evidence-based insights and recommendations to clinicians regarding long COVID and influenza, utilising its curated healthcare knowledge repository of health care data.
During the COVID pandemic, we have seen an incredible explosion of information. However, clinicians are unable to efficiently incorporate the ever-expanding sea of data into their clinical practice. An effective mitigation is leverage emergeing generative AI technology to allow easy, convenient and intuitive access to reputable information.
This is where InfluenzAI tries to fill in the gap. It is a generative AI solution powered by LocalGPT that allows clinicians to query a model trained on trusted, reputable open government data. By ethically curating the data we ingest onto the large language model, we strive to mitigate bias and influence, and aim for inclusivity and neutrality.
While currently targeted at busy clinicians, we believe that there is an opportunity in education for healthcare students to utilise this platform. InfluenzAI will show the source data and related data used to generate its answers, thus making it a convenient yet comprehensive medical resource.
Data security and patient privacy is paramount, thus we self-hosted the large language model ourselves and made sure that no patient identifiable information are stored, let alone sent out to third parties. For transparency and discoverability, InfluenzAI will show you the exact datasets used to respond to the query. Furthermore, it will show you related datasets to broaden your knowledge and understanding.
- Querying is done using natural language prompts, instead of scrolling through oceans of documents. A person should not need to think like a computer when querying answers!
- A minimalist, responsive UI which focuses on the queries and responses. With this project's architecture, different UIs can be built for different kinds of scenarios and devices.
Of course, Long COVID and Influenza are a drop in the ocean - there are plenty of other health issues and concerns people have. Using a diverse range of open government data, we can augment our LLM with additional knowledge of other topics, and reach new audiences whom would benefit from a convenient, informative and private source of healthcare information.
From a technical perspective, InfluenzAI has been architected with the intent of being modular and scalable. We can leverage container orchestration to scale up the project as necessary, with minimal difficulties.
Using features such as voice to text, we improve convenience by reducing typing on phones for busy medical practitioners, and emphasising on accessibility to people new to this technology.
While InfluenzAI focuses on Influenza and long COVID, our long-term plan is to expand to other pathogens and use InfluenzAI as a stepping stone towards VirAI.
Interactive and Visual
To improve the depth of responses, we built our own system which visualises government data using intuitive, useful charts and maps. This bespoke system would respond to known queries (e.g. "long covid trends in 2023") using visual responses, as a complement to the text-based responses from our LLM.
Privacy is paramount in healthcare, which is why our solution uses a self-hosted ML trained on open government data.
Queries do not get exposed to third-party solutions, and we refrain from gathering personal information from people.
Our architecture and self-hosted model grants us control over our model, and thus permits us to minimise external bias. The challenge of bias lies in the government data itself, which we can curate using an ethical protocol that focuses on inclusivity, diversity and authenticity.
Openness and Transparency
To improve openness and transparency, we visually display all the documents/datasets used for our model. This allows our model to be scrutinised for any unintended biases, and provides users/stakeholders with confidence in the potential & quality of our model.
In alphabetical order...
- David: Data Analysis / Content Creator
- Dhanush: Quality Assessment Lead
- Emilian: Lead Developer / Architect / UI Layout
- Jacky: Content Creator / Business Analyst / Industry Insight
- Kien Pham: Website UI/UX Design
- Shann: Data Analyst / Curator / Narrator
- Sudeep: Graphic / Logo Design
- William: Project Manager / Data Analysis / Content Creator
InfluenzAI consists of four major components:
- The InfluenzAI Web Interface, a PHP platform which provides a minimalist and beautiful UI to the end-user for querying and responses.
- The InfluenzAI Database, which stores metadata (name, source, keywords, etc.) for the documents fed into localGPT. Using this metadata, we can provide accurate and related datasets relevant to the query.
- The InfluenzAI Brdiging API, which sits in-between the Web Interface and the LLM back-end (LocalGPT for our prototype).
- The back-end LLM, which ingests the provided open government data and responded to the inbound user queries.
Using this architecture, the components remain decoupled and scalable. This opens up the opportunities for alternative UIs (e.g. mobile apps) and LLMs (e.g. LLaMA).
Clinicians have access to an ever-expanding sea of data. However, they do not have the time to absorb and apply this wealth of knowledge in the clinical setting.
We aim to solve this with InfluenzAI. As a generative AI-powered solution, it harnesses the potential to grasp and distil the vast expanse of medical literature, alleviating the burden on clinicians and enhancing their decision-making process.
In our proof of concept, we have curated a list of healthcare datasets focusing on long COVID and influenza. These include treatment protocols, surveillance reports, journal articles, and parliament inquiries from a variety of government and non-government sources:
• Federal and State Departments of Health
• Department of Education
• Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
• High impact journals like Nature Research Journal
These datasets were used to train the InfluenzAI’s model. The user can then access InfluenzAI through our dedicated website to ask specific queries and InfluenzAI will then return an answer utilising its healthcare knowledge repository.
InfluenzAI leverages the diverse and curated datasets to provide clinicians with on-demand evidence-based insights and recommendations to specific queries. Our groundbreaking decision support tool exemplifies how data reuse can revolutionize patient care and medical decision-making.